Pets are susceptible to a variety of diseases that can be caused by parasites and other environmental factors. For many owners, the problem of the appearance of worms in a pet is familiar. It doesn’t matter if he goes out or is at home. These parasites can be located in any organ of the animal and have a detrimental effect on its general condition and organs separately. Let’s try to figure out how to recognize worms in a pet and help get rid of them, or even better, how to prevent infection.
Any pet can have worms, so you should know the symptoms of parasites in order to start treatment on time. Let’s take a look at some pets separately:
1. Worms in cats: symptoms, treatment and preventive measures
The appearance of worms in the body of cats can not be noticed immediately since the symptoms depend on the number and types of parasites. But more attentive owners will be able to identify this ailment by a number of characteristic signs:
- decreased appetite, which is pursued by poor weight gain, and kittens are lagging behind in development, weight, and growth;
- depressed state;
- the coat is tousled;
- the discharge appears on the eyes;
- some cats may develop a cough;
- after the act of defecation, it is possible to detect blood clots or mucus;
- disruption of the digestive tract (diarrhea, vomiting);
- lambing ahead of time;
- when examined by a veterinarian, anemia, liver enlargement, yellowness of the mucous membranes are detected.
It is possible to diagnose the presence of worms using a scatological examination of animal feces. With this analysis, the eggs of the parasite can be detected. It should be borne in mind that the first study may give a negative result, so it should be repeated at least 3-4 times a month (if symptoms appear).
Modern medicine offers many medicines for the treatment of worms in cats and cats. They are universal, so they can be used at any stage of the parasite’s development. The drugs should be given on an empty stomach, in the morning, at the dosage indicated in the instructions or prescribed by the doctor. For an effective result, the course of treatment is two times, with a break of two weeks. It takes longer when running.
In order to prevent worms, several recommendations should be followed:
- do not feed the cat with raw foods (meat, fish), they should be boiled well;
- for the purpose of prevention, deworming every 3 months;
- keep the animal clean, its sleeping place and toilet;
- since fleas are carriers of worm eggs, flea preparations should be used.
2. Worms in dogs: symptoms, treatment and preventive measures
Both adult dogs and puppies are susceptible to infection with worms. If for the first it is enough to carry out deworming, then for the puppies a thorough examination and treatment are required, otherwise, it threatens with negative consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to detect parasites in time and destroy them. This can be extremely difficult to do since the disease can be disguised as other diseases with similar symptoms. To do this, you should promptly seek help from specialists. And more attentive owners themselves will be able to recognize the presence of worms in their pet by the following signs:
- changes in external parameters: hair loss and ruffle, the appearance of dandruff, dermatitis, eczema;
- changes in animal behavior: lethargy, inactivity, aggression;
- decreased appetite, weight loss, eating inedible items leading to digestive disorders;
- the presence of mucus, blood, eggs, larvae, or the worms themselves in the feces of an animal;
- itching in the anus (the pet rolls on the floor on the back of the body);
- the appearance of rickets (large belly, protruding ribs);
- the appearance of hiccups after eating.
Do not self-medicate. It is necessary to consult with a veterinarian who will prescribe the necessary examination, according to the results of which he will prescribe a drug. Today, pharmacies offer a wide range of drugs to combat parasites. Well, don’t forget about prevention. At least once every three months, the dog should be dewormed according to the prescribed dosage. After treatment, it is worth vaccinating the pet, which will consolidate the result.
3. Worms in poultry: symptoms, treatment and preventive measures
Parasites can infect the intestines and domestic birds. It is true that they are much more difficult to recognize than in dogs and cats. They are not visible in feces, therefore, the presence of worms can be recognized by certain symptoms:
- indifference to everything that happens;
- lack of appetite;
- stool retention;
- constant tendency to sleep.
If you notice one or more symptoms, you should contact a specialist who will examine your feathered friend and prescribe effective treatment.
Be attentive to your pets, and you will be able to notice the presence of parasites in him in time and start timely treatment. Do not forget to visit your veterinarian and vaccinate animals.