Hamsters belonging to the rodent family are among the most popular small pets in the world. Hamsters are cute, clean, and easy to care for, making them favorite pets for people of all ages. Hamsters can be very exciting for their owners if they are taken care of properly.
The only sad fact for owners of hamsters is that the hamster has a lifespan of only one to three and a half years.
The death of a hamster can be a blow to the child, but it can also serve as a lesson in responsibility and other important things that are necessary for understanding life by a small person.
Types of hamsters
In our country, the most popular hamsters of 4 types:
Dzungarian hamster is a steppe animal, mainly living in Siberia, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia. The growth of this hamster is usually not more than 10 cm in length. The Dzhungar hamster is almost invisible, with a very short tail, hair with white spots, and a clearly visible dark stripe, usually gray.
This type of hamster also called the golden hamster is usually golden with dark-colored spots on some parts of the body. They are easy to care for and not difficult to tame, which makes them the most popular hamsters as pets. They grow approximately 15-20 cm in length and live from 2 to 3 years. Syrian hamsters cannot put up with the presence of other hamsters in their territory, therefore it is very important to keep them in the cage alone. Syrian hamsters are mostly nocturnal animals, the active time for them is evening and night.
This is the largest type of hamster mentioned here. An ordinary hamster grows to 25-30 cm in length. The hair of this hamster is soft and dense, a peculiar color of a three-color with white spots and black abdomen, occasionally one-color hamsters are found.
This hamster is also called a dwarf, Russian, winter white hamster. Roborovski hamster is also a very popular type of hamster, which is kept by humans as a pet. Roborovski hamsters grow about 10-13 cm in length and have the same lifespan as other hamsters. Roborovski hamsters can become good companions for hamsters of the same species (provided they are introduced to each other from an early age), but not for other types of hamsters.
Think about what happens if you are locked in a tight closet where you can barely move. You will certainly get angry and want to free yourself as soon as possible. The same goes for hamsters. The first and most important thing to take into account is that the hamster’s house should be as large as possible with a good, dry, and hygienic bed.
It is noticed that if the hamster does not have the ability to actively move (play or run around his house), then there is a high risk of paralysis of the hamster. Therefore, you should consider buying or building a house for a hamster, whose space is enough for his active life. It is very good if there is a running wheel in his house, hamsters love him very much and run several meters on it every day.
Do not choose a wooden house for hamsters, as it may not withstand the sharp teeth of a hamster and your pet will ever slip out of it.
There are many types of cages (houses) for hamsters in pet stores, such as simple wire cages, large cages with bedding, cages with wheels and tunnels, glass aquarium-type houses, etc. When choosing one of these options, just think about which of these houses your hamster will be happier.
Inside the cage, there should be, as already mentioned, enough space for the hamster to live, a small metal bowl for food, a drinker, and a place for the hamster’s bed.
Hamster nutrition and food
Hamsters can eat a variety of food items that are very easy to buy. Hamsters eat vegetables (cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, etc.) and fruits (grapes, apples, raisins, and others), as well as seeds and even worms.
Today, many feeds for hamsters are sold. These feeds are prepared using corn, sunflower seeds, crops, alfalfa, etc., and hamsters eat them with pleasure.
Hamsters are pretty little animals, but they have sharp teeth. Despite being very easy to tame, they need special handling before they become tame. If the hamster is not tamed and bites, you can use a glove to pick up the hamster. The main thing is not to scare the hamster, they usually bite when they are stressed or afraid.
You should also know how to keep your hamster comfortable in your arms.
If you plan to let your hamster into the room, even for a few minutes, be careful, he can easily run away and find him, sometimes it is not so easy.
What if the hamster runs away?
If you suddenly find that your hamster got out of the cage and disappeared, all you have to do is set seductive traps and wait.
There are many ways to set a trap, most effectively catch a hamster on his favorite food.