Cats can acquire various diseases. Some of them are exclusively feline, such as feline leukemia (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV).
Vaccination can prevent infection with some incurable infectious diseases.
Cats can also develop diseases inherent in any other mammal, including diabetes, asthma, cancer, hyperthyroidism, and kidney disease.
The most common cat diseases:
- Amyloidosis of the liver
- Liver disease
- Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Infectious cat peritonitis
- Leukemia cats
- Urolithiasis disease
- Hepatic lipidosis (fatty degeneration or cirrhosis)
- Ear tick (otodectosis)
- Chronic renal failure
Before taking a cat home, it is best to check it for leukemia and the feline immunodeficiency virus, especially if there are still cats in the house. It will be correct to keep a new cat separately from other cats until it is established that it does not have any diseases that are dangerous for other animals in the house.
It is best to arrange an annual veterinary examination for the cat, some health problems that are not yet noticeable to the owner may already be obvious to the veterinarian who can listen to the cat’s heart and lungs and correctly interpret what he heard.
Also, the cat must be shown to the veterinarian whenever there is any suspicion related to the cat’s health, even if there is no certainty that the cat is sick. Cats hide the disease and pain very well and are often sick for a period of time before the disease becomes apparent.
Some serious illnesses develop very slowly and have noticeable symptoms more in the early stages.
The sooner a disease is detected, the easier and cheaper it is to treat it. And, of course, the less the animal will suffer. It is always best to take extra care, as some diseases can quickly become life-threatening, especially in kittens and elderly cats. Once again, showing the animal to the vet is never a waste of money.
There are several diseases that can be transmitted from cat to person, but this does not often happen and under certain circumstances. These diseases are:
- Feline “Cat Scratch” (Bartonellosis)
Symptoms of the disease in cats
If the cat has the following symptoms, then the pet is sick:
- lethargy (accompanies most diseases in cats)
- the cat is in a pose, with its legs pressed under the body for most of the time
- the cat’s body is warmer than usual or hotter, not associated with the cat being in the sun or near a heater (probably a fever)
- weight loss of the animal, even with normal appetite (maybe a sign of hyperthyroidism, diabetes or other diseases)
- poor appetite or even refusal of food for more than one day
- the animal drinks more than usual, or too much (maybe due to diabetes, kidney disease, Cushing’s disease, and other causes)
- the cat sits with its head hanging above a bowl of water, but does not drink (maybe due to kidney disease)
- frequent urination or in unusually large quantities (the cause may be diabetes, kidney disease, or Cushing’s disease)
- urination outside the tray, not because of its uncleanness (maybe a sign of urinary tract infection, diabetes)
- stress during urination (a sign of serious urinary tract infection or blockage, show the veterinarian immediately! If this is a urinary blockade, the cat can die in just 24 hours!)
- suffocation, hoarseness or shortness of breath in an animal, even after vigorous play (maybe a sign of asthma or cardiomyopathy. Do not ignore these symptoms.)
- cat coughing or gagging
- stubborn sneezing
- diarrhea for more than one episode, or fecal blood
- a change in gum color from normal pink (white or blue gum color means a life-threatening situation!)
- the animal licks brick, concrete, or clay, eats droppings (maybe a sign of anemia). Show the cat to the vet!
- the animal is limping, swaying, has difficulty walking or jumping
- convulsions, convulsions, twitching, trembling and disorientation in an animal
- bleeding from any part of the body except scratches (note: cats do not bleed when estrus)
- Lumps or swelling
DogsBarks.com wishes your pet a speedy recovery!