Perhaps not everyone knows, and perhaps they don’t even suspect, but dogs also have allergies, and some breeds are even often susceptible to this. Unfortunately, allergies can be difficult to recognize, but these are the main allergens found in dogs. This is very important information, it must be provided upon admission to a hotel for dogs (in good hotels this question will be asked even so).
Such an allergy usually manifests itself in the form of a reaction on the skin of the animal in a certain place. It causes irritation, discomfort, and itching where the skin comes in contact with a foreign substance. A reaction on the skin can occur due to old hairs of wool that were not removed in time, chemicals such as shampoo for humans, household chemicals, perfumes, air fresheners, contact with plastic, rubber, polyester, pollen of flowers, grass and even if not dried skin after bathing and it will become moldy. And of course, if you limit contact with the allergen, itching and irritation will disappear.
If you notice that the dog begins to itch after eating from a plastic bowl or lying on a new carpet, then these items should be removed from the dog. Give preference to natural materials – stainless steel or ceramic bowls, coarse calico or cotton beds, and even choose toys from natural materials. When cleaning the house, use eco products, this will be useful not only for your pet, but also for you. And I think it’s not worth mentioning that you should only feed properly balanced food excluding fried, spicy, smoked, etc.
If your dog is unlucky and has caught fleas somewhere, then you will probably quickly notice this, since almost all dogs begin to itch, and some have even more serious reactions to skin contact with insect saliva. And even after the fleas are removed from the skin, irritating swelling can persist for a week. The dog will scratch, bite and lick the flea bite, and sometimes it can even do this quite actively, which will damage the skin and provoke a secondary bacterial infection.
The first step is to wash your dog with a special anti-insect shampoo with soothing and healing ingredients. In an advanced case, you should contact your veterinarian for advice on what is best to do and perhaps even prescribe antihistamines or corticosteroids. To avoid problems, it is worth using sprays, drops or tablets for fleas and ticks according to the instructions, and apply them every month during a dangerous period.
We all know the first symptoms of allergies in humans – usually a runny nose, cough, flowing eyes and irritation in the larynx. In dogs, respiratory allergy manifests itself in a different way – irritation of the mucous membranes, skin and even hair loss. Most often, the skin is irritated in the groin area, paws and sides, the dog begins to comb and lick these places more, which only increases the area of irritation.
Fortunately, such an allergy does not last a whole year, but manifests itself only during the flowering period of certain plants, fluff and fungal spores. At this time, it is worth more thoroughly cleaning the room, removing dust from surfaces and carpets, and more often washing fabric products – couches, bedding and toys. Perhaps during this period it will be better for the dog to walk less outside and after the walk, wipe the dog with a cloth to remove the irritant from the skin.
You are unlikely to be able to identify food allergies yourself, so it is worth contacting your veterinarian. As a rule, food allergy manifests itself in gastrointestinal disorders, vomiting and skin inflammation. In case of confirmation of the reaction, it is necessary to switch to hypoallergenic food or food aimed at treatment, or switch to a natural diet using lamb, turkey and fish. In this case, the main thing is to make the right diet, so you can’t do without a specialist.
Do not forget that in addition to allergies, such reactions can cause psoriasis, neurodermatitis, arthritis and even psychological problems, so sometimes it is better to seek advice from different specialists, as this increases the chance to more accurately determine what is causing this or that irritation.
Be healthy and don’t get sick!